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Residual Stresses from Incremental Hole Drilling Using Directly Deposited Thin Film Strain Gauges

Residual Stresses from Incremental Hole Drilling Using Directly Deposited Thin Film Strain Gauges

Kategorien Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Jahr 2022
Autoren Heikebrügge, S., Ottermann, R., Breidenstein, B., Wurz, M. C., Dencker, F.:
Veröffentlicht in Experimental Mechanics (2022, online), 13 Seiten.
Beschreibung

Background Commonly, polymer foil-based strain gauges are used for the incremental hole drilling method to obtain residual stress depth profles. These polymer foil-based strain gauges are prone to errors due to application by glue. For example zero depth setting is thus often erroneous due to necessary removal of polymer foil and glue. This is resulting in wrong use of the calibration coefcients and depth resolution and thus leading to wrong calculations of the obtained residual stress depth profles. Additionally common polymer foil-based sensors are limited in their application regarding e.g. exposure to high temperatures. Objective This paper aims at a frst step into the qualifcation of directly deposited thin flm strain gauges for use with the incremental hole drilling method. With the directly deposited sensors, uncertainties regarding the determination of calibration coefcients and zero depth setting due to the absence of glue can be reduced to a minimum. Additionally, new areas of interest such as the investigation of thermally sprayed metallic layers can be addressed by the sensors due to their higher temperature resilience and their component inherent minimal thickness. Methods For the frst time, diferent layouts of directly deposited thin flm strain gauges for residual stress measurements were manufactured on a stainless steel specimen. Strain measurements during incremental hole drilling using a bespoke hole drilling device were conducted. Residual stress depth profles were calculated using the Integral method of the ASTM E837 standard. Afterwards, strain measurements with conventional polymer foil-based strain gauges during incremental hole drilling were conducted and residual stress depth profles were calculated accordingly. Finally the obtained profles were compared regarding characteristic values. Results The residual stress depth profles obtained from directly deposited strain gauges generally match the ones obtained from conventional polymer foil based strain gauges. With the novel strain gauges, zero depth setting is simplifed due to the absence of glue and polymer foil. With the direct deposition, a wide variety of rosette designs is possible, enabling a more detailed evaluation of the strain feld around the drilled hole. Conclusions The comparative analysis of the obtained residual stress depth profles shows the general feasibility of directly deposited strain gauges for residual stress measurements. Detailed investigations on uncertainty sources are still necessary.  

DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-022-00822-0