ForschungPublikationen
Ductile and brittle material removal mechanisms in natural nacre - A model for novel implant materials.

Ductile and brittle material removal mechanisms in natural nacre - A model for novel implant materials.

Kategorien Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Jahr 2010
Autoren Denkena, B., Koehler, J., Moral, A.:
Veröffentlicht in Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 210 (2010), S. 1827-1837.
Beschreibung

Nacre is a composite material found in the inner layer of sea shells. It consists of soft organic and hard inorganic components arranged in a complex hierarchical structure. Due to this arrangement, nacre exhibits outstanding mechanical properties (elastic modulus: 64.70±3.50 GPa, hardness: 4.41±0.45 GPa, density: 2.6 g/cm3). Therefore, nacreous implant materials have a high potential in many fields. In medical science, these materials might be used for bone replacement. This article provides an insight into the material removal mechanisms occurring in the scratching of natural nacre. Scratch tests are a simplification of the grinding process and are used to investigate the influence of single input parameters on the material removal. Different scratch tool geometries and varying processing parameters are applied, so that the material removal efficiency can be evaluated by analyzing the process forces. Additionally, the scratch geometry is examined by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical profilometer images as well as photomicrographs. The results of these examinations provide knowledge on the machinability of nacre and also on the machinability of new nacreous materials.