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Reconstruction of Process Forces in a Five-Axis Milling Center with a LSTM Neural Network in Comparison to a Model-Based Approach

Reconstruction of Process Forces in a Five-Axis Milling Center with a LSTM Neural Network in Comparison to a Model-Based Approach

Categories Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Year 2020
Authors Denkena, B., Bergmann, B., Stoppel, D.:
Published In Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, Vol. 4 (2020) 3, S. 1-13.
Description

Based on the drive signals of a milling center, process forces can be reconstructed. Therefore, a novel approach is presented to reconstruct the process forces with a long short-term memory neural network (LSTM) using drive signals as an input. The LSTM is evaluated and compared to a model-based approach. The latter compensates nonlinearities and disturbances such as friction and inertia. For training of the LSTM, multiple milling processes are considered to enhance the generalizability. Training data is generated by recording drive signals and process forces measured by a dynamometer. The LSTM is then evaluated using a test set, which comprises new process parameters. It is shown that the LSTM has a lower root mean square error (RMSE) in comparison to the model-based approach. Especially, when changing the feed motion direction during milling, the neural network clearly outperforms the model-based approach. Nevertheless, there are processes, where the LSTM induced oscillations, which do not correspond to the measured forces.

DOI 10.3390/jmmp4030062