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Identification of the specific cutting force for geometrically defined cutting edges and varying cutting conditions

Identification of the specific cutting force for geometrically defined cutting edges and varying cutting conditions

Categories Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Year 2014
Authors Denkena, B., Vehmeyer, J., Niederwestberg, D., Maaß, P.:
Published In International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 82-83 (2014), S. 42–49.
Description

Cutting force modeling is a Major discipline in the Research of cutting processes. The exact prediction of cutting forces is crucial for process characterization and optimization. Semi-empirical and mechanistic force models have been established, but the identification of the specific cutting force for a pair of tool and workpiece material is still challenging. Existing approaches are depending on geometrical idealizations and on an extensive calibration process, which make practical and industrial application difficult. For nonstandard Tools and five axis kinematics there does not exist a reasonable solution for the identification problem.

In this paper a co-operative force model for the identification of the specific cutting Forces and prediction of integral Forces is presented. The model is coupled bidirectionally with a multi-dexel based material removal model that provides geometrical contact Zone information.The nonlinear specific forces are modeled as polynomials of uncut chip thickness.The presented force model is not subjected to principal restrictions on tool shape or kinematics, the specific force and phase shift are identified with help of least square minimization. The benefit of this technique is that no Special calibration experiments are needed anymore, which qualifies the method to determine the specific Forces simultaneously during the machining process. In this paper, experiments with different cutting conditions are analyzed and systematically rated. Finally, the method is validated by experiments using different cutting conditions.

DOI 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2014.03.009