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In vivo evaluation of a magnesium-based degradable intramedullary nailing system in a sheep model

In vivo evaluation of a magnesium-based degradable intramedullary nailing system in a sheep model

Categories Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Year 2015
Authors Rössig, C., Angrisani, N., Helmecke, P., Besdo, S., Seitz, J., Welke, B., Fedchenko, N., Kock, H., Reifenrath, J.:
Published In Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 25 (2015), S. 369 – 383.
Description

The biocompatibility and the degradation behavior of the LAE442 magnesium-based intramedullary interlocked nailing system (IM-NS) was assessed in vivo in a comparative study (stainless austenitic steel 1.4441LA) for the first time. IM-NS was implanted into the right tibia (24-week investigation period; nails/screws diameter: 9 mm/3.5 mm, length: 130 mm/15–40 mm) of 10 adult sheep (LAE442, stainless steel, n = 5 each group). Clinical and radiographic examinations, in vivo computed tomography (CT), ex vivo micro-computed tomography (lCT), mechanical and histological examinations and element analyses of alloying elements in inner organs were performed. The mechanical examinations (four-point bending) revealed a significant decrease of LAE442 implant stiffness, force at 0.2% offset yield point and maximum force. Periosteal (new bone formation) and endosteal (bone decline) located bone alterations occurred in both groups (LAE442 alloy more pronounced). Moderate gas formation was observed
within the LAE442 alloy group. The CT-measured implant volume decreased slightly (not significant). Histologically a predominantly direct bone-to-implant interface existed within the LAE442 alloy group. Formation of a fibrous tissue capsule around the nail occurred in the steel group. Minor inflammatory infiltration was observed in the LAE442 alloy group. Significantly increased quantities of rare earth elements were detected in the LAE442 alloy group. lCT examination showed the beginning of corrosion in dependence of the surrounding tissue. After 24 weeks the local biocompatibility of LAE442 can be considered as suitable for a degradable implant material.

DOI 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.07.025