Simulation-based feed rate adaptation considering tool wear condition

Simulation-based feed rate adaptation considering tool wear condition

Kategorien Konferenz (reviewed)
Jahr 2020
Autoren Denkena, B., Dittrich, M.-A., Mainka, J.:
Veröffentlicht in 5th International Conference on System-Integrated Intelligence (SysInt), November 11th-13th, 2020, Bremen, Germany, Procedia Manufacturing 52 (2020), S. 133-137.

The process forces generated in machining are related to a deflection of the milling tool, which results in shape deviations. In addition to process parameters like feed rate, width and depth of cut or cutting speed, the wear condition of the tool has a significant influence on the shape deviation during flank milling. In process planning it is important to take the tool condition and the ideal time for tool change into account when selecting the process parameters. An assistance system is being researched at the Institute of Production Engineering and Machine Tools (IFW) in cooperation with Kennametal Shared Services GmbH to support this task. The assistance system adjusts automatically the feed rate considering a predefined maximum shape deviation. Additionally, it identifies an optimal moment for tool change. The advantages of the system are particularly evident in planning of individual milling processes. The assistance system is based on a combination of a material removal simulation and empirical models of the shape error. For this purpose, spindle currents as well as measured shape errors are stored in a database. These data are extended by the actual local cutting conditions calculated by a process-parallel material removal simulation. Afterwards, the data is transferred into process knowledge via a Support Vector Machine (SVM). Within a technological NC simulation before the start of manufacturing, the generated knowledge is applied to predict the shape error of the workpiece and to automatically adjust the feed rate. By adapting the feed rate, it is possible to control the tool life. The required tool change is defined by specifying a limit for the permitted width of flank wear land. The presented assistance system enables the prediction of the shape error parallel to the manufacturing process and the automatic determination of the feed rate as well as the ideal time for tool change.