Influence of stress on the degradation behavior of Mg LAE442 implant systems

Influence of stress on the degradation behavior of Mg LAE442 implant systems

Kategorien Konferenz (reviewed)
Jahr 2013
Autoren Denkena, B., Köhler, J., Stieghorst, J., Turger, A., Seitz, J., Fau, D.R., Wolters, L., Angrisani, N., Reifenrath, J., Helmecke, P.:
Veröffentlicht in The First CIRP Conference on Biomanufacturing, Procedia CIRP 5 (2013), S. 189-195.

In this paper the performance of a magnesium based implant system is analyzed. A special emphasis is placed on the impact of stress on the corrosion behavior of the magnesium alloy. An implant system containing a plate and 4 corresponding screws is machined from Mg LAE442. Its corrosion behavior is tested in-vivo in New Zealand White Rabbits for 6 and 12 weeks of implantation. The plate is monocortically fixated on the medial tibia. At the interface between screw and plate increased corrosion is observed. This phenomenon is stronger on the caudal side of the screw. Parallel to the in-vivo test the influence of stress load on the corrosion rate is analyzed for LAE442 in in-vitro tests. Compressive load is applied on cylindrical specimens in axial direction and the corrosion rate is measured in 0.9 wt% NaCl solution by eudiometry and mass loss. Additionally rectangular samples are bent to apply tensile stress on the surface. A drop of 5 wt% NaCl is deposited on the surface and the corrosion is evaluated by microscopic images. It is shown that stress essentially influences the corrosion rate. While tensile stress decreases the corrosion, compressive stress leads to higher corrosion rates.